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Fire Equipment And Safety

The purpose of this Standard is to ensure

1.1.    This standard sets out the company’s minimum requirements in terms of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
1.2.    This standard is not exhaustive and operations may identify site specific PPE requirements through risk assessments and the use of a PPE need matrix.

2.    SCOPE

This Standard applies to all Tongaat Hulett Operations.

Occupational Health and Safety Act 85/1993  
•    General Safety Regulations – Regulation 2(3), 3(9)
•    Driven Machine Regulations – regulation 20(3) (a), 8(6)
•    Section 38 (1) (n) & (o)
•    General Safety Regulations 2, 9 (General Health & Safety Regulation 2 & 9)
•    General Safety Regulations – Regulation 2 (3) (a)
•    Environmental Regulations – Regulation 2 (2) (b)
•    Asbestos Regulations

SANS 809- 1984 – Industrial Safety Harnesses
SANS 1280 – Specification for Industrial Safety Belt Webbing
SANS 0400
SANS 0041 – Code of Practice for Noxious Dusts & Fumes
SANS 434, 1068 AND 136 – Protective Clothing
SANS 492 – Standard Specifications for Symbolic Safety Signs
SANS 083 – 1993.  Measurement and assessment of occupational noise for hearing conservation purposes.
SANS 1451 – Part 1 & 2 - Standard Specification for Hearing Protectors, Ear Muffs & Plugs and / or applicable legislation for operations outside South Africa.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other gear designed to protect the wearer's body or clothing from injury by electrical hazards, heat, chemicals, and infection, for job-related occupational safety and health purposes.

Assessing suitable PPE

  • To allow the right type of PPE to be chosen, carefully consider the different hazards in the workplace. This will enable you to assess which types of PPE are suitable to protect against the hazard and for the job to be done.
  • Ask your supplier for advice on the different types of PPE available and how suitable they are for different tasks. It may be necessary in a few particularly difficult cases to obtain advice from specialist sources and from the PPE manufacturer.

Consider the following when assessing whether PPE is suitable:

  • Is it appropriate for the risks involved and the conditions at the place where exposure to the risk may occur? For example, eye protection designed for providing protection against agricultural pesticides will not offer adequate face protection for someone using an angle grinder to cut steel or stone.
  • Does it prevent or adequately control the risks involved without increasing the overall level of risk?
  • Can it be adjusted to fit the wearer correctly?
  • Has the state of health of those who will be wearing it been taken into account?
  • What are the needs of the job and the demands it places on the wearer? For example, the length of time the PPE needs to be worn, the physical effort required to do the job and the requirements for visibility and communication.
  • If more than one item of PPE is being worn, are they compatible? For example, does a particular type of respirator make it difficult to get eye protection to fit properly.

The hazards and types of PPE:

  • Hazards: chemical or metal splash, dust, projectiles, gas and vapour, radiation.
  • Options: safety spectacles, goggles, faceshields, visors.


  • Hazards: impact from falling or flying objects, risk of head bumping, hair entanglement.
  • Options: a range of helmets and bump caps.


  • Hazards: dust, asbestos,  vapour, gas, oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
  • Options: disposable filtering facepiece or respirator, half- or full-face respirators, air-fed helmets, breathing apparatus.
  • Protecting the body with safety protective wear
  • Hazards: temperature extremes, adverse weather, chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or penetration, contaminated dust, excessive wear or entanglement of own clothing. Options:  conventional or disposable overalls, boiler suits, specialist protective clothing, e.g. chain-mail aprons, high-visibility clothing.

Hands and arms
Hazards: abrasion, temperature extremes, cuts and punctures, impact, chemicals, electric shock, skin infection, disease or contamination.
Options: gloves, gauntlets, mitts, wristcuffs, armlets.

Feet and legs - safety wear
Hazards: wet, electrostatic build-up, slipping, cuts and punctures, falling objects, metal and chemical splash, abrasion.
Options: safety boots and shoes with protective toe caps and penetration-resistant mid-sole, gaiters, leggings, spats.    





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